+234 8146561114 (MTN) or
+2347015391124 (AIRTEL)

This page contains project topics/write-up for SCIENCE LABORATORY TECHNOLOGY (MICROBIOLOGY OPTION) department. Hyclassproject's aim of providing all these research materials is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for project topics and materials. We are not encouraging any form of PLAGIARISM.This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon "All creative work builds on what came before", and according to Bishop Dr. David Oyedepo "You cannot be a Reference without having References".

Below are the list of our avaliable project topics/write-up, to view or download the complete work on each of the following works, click on the useful links menu at the right-hand or bottom part of this page:

1. ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF PRODUCTION OF NIGERIA BITUMEN AND HEAVY OIL: Oil is the single and most important commodity in the entire world today and also the largest resource for man’s demand for energy. Crude oil or petroleum is the oil believed to have originated from plants and animals remains over a long period of time. The proceeds from oil production in Nigeria have no doubt contributed to the social, economic and political development at the same time causing negative impact to both the environment and those living in that environment. It has rendered the ecosystem nearly useless due to oil spillage.  It is not peculiar to Nigeria alone but the distinguishing mark is its management where there are found. Now the question is on the Future of Nigeria without crude oil.
Bitumen and heavy oil are unconventional oil resources that are characterized by high viscosities (i.e. resistance to flow) and high densities compared to conventional oil. Most Bitumen and heavy oil deposits are very shallow. They originated as conventional oil that formed in deep formations, but migrated to the surface region where they were degraded by bacteria and by weathering, and where the lightest hydrocarbons escaped. Bitumen and heavy oil are deficient in hydrogen and have high carbon, sulfur, and heavy metal content. Hence, they require additional processing (upgrading) to become a suitable feedstock for a normal refinery...{read more to download full material} 

2. THE USE OF MICROBES AS MOBILITY CONTROL AGENTS DURING MEOR: This project work is titled the use of microbes as mobility control agents during MEOR.
Oil is an energy source that drives industrialization and continued economic growth.  In many industrialized nations such as the United States, domestic oil production is in decline and the likelihood of discovering large, new oil reserves is low.  This makes it essential that the remaining resources are to be used wisely.  Microorganisms will play a pivotal role in determining the quality and effective use of petroleum resources.  The problems encountered with petroleum exploitation should be viewed with microorganisms in mind. 
Microbes BioSciences has over twenty years experience in the microbial enhanced oil recovery business.  Its technology was developed and proved in the US and projects have been successfully completed in China, Argentina, Indonesia, Ecuador, Venezuela and the former Soviet Union.  Its technology is based on isolating and culturing natural hydrocarbon reducing microorganisms and introducing these microbes into petroleum reservoirs through production and injection wells...{read more to download full material} 

3. MICROBIAL ENHANCED HEAVY OIL RECOVERY BY THE AID OF INHABITANT SPORE-FORMING BACTERIA:Crude oil is the major source of energy worldwide being exploited as a source of economy, including Oman. As the price of crude oil increases and crude oil reserves collapse, exploitation of oil resources in mature reservoirs is essential for meeting future energy demands. As conventional recovery methods currently used have become less efficient for the needs, there is a continuous demand of developing a new technology which helps in the upgradation of heavy crude oil. Microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) is an important tertiary oil recovery method which is cost-effective and eco-friendly technology to drive the residual oil trapped in the reservoirs. The potential of microorganisms to degrade heavy crude oil to reduce viscosity is considered to be very effective in MEOR. Earlier studies of MEOR (1950s) were based on three broad areas: injection, dispersion, and propagation of microorganisms in petroleum reservoirs; selective degradation of oil components to improve flow characteristics; and production of metabolites by microorganisms and their effects. Since thermophilic spore-forming bacteria can thrive in very extreme conditions in oil reservoirs, they are the most suitable organisms for the purpose. This paper contains the review of work done with thermophilic spore-forming bacteria by different researchers.


4. MICROBIAL EXAMINATION OF SPOILT AVOCADO FRUIT: Microbial examination of spoilt Avocado fruits was carried out to obtained the causal organism.  A total of 60 avocado from Ogbete Main market and New market Enugu were examined by culturing on nutrient agar and sabourand dextrose agar (SM), for bacteria and fungi causing post – harvest spoilage on the fruits; six bacterial species and six fungal species were isolated. The bacteria include Erwinia SP  (66.7%), Streptococcus sp,  *25%), E. Coli (18.9%) and  staphycoccus sp (33.3%), Pseudomonas sp (20%) and Chromobacterium sp (5%) has the lowest percentage occurrence, Erwinia sp,  Pseudomonas sp and chromobacterium sp were found to be absent in the control.  The fungi species, includes Aspergillus sp  (50%), Pericillium sp  (25%), Fusarium sp  (16.6%), Rhisopus sp  (13.3%), currularia sp (8.3%) and Rhoctorula sp  (3.3%), were also kolated Avocado fruits from Ogbete main market were more contaminated than the avocado form the new market ...{read more to download full material}

5. STERILIZATION OF MICROORGANISM FOUND IN FOOD ITEM (TOMATOES) USING UV LIGHT: The source of a large outbreak of food borne disease related to Salmonella-contaminated tomatoes has been traced to Nigeria. Although the microbiological quality of tomatoes sampled was similar to that found in markets from developed countries, the presence of pathogens causes a risk of infection for consumers.
There are many ways to sterilize surfaces and materials to kill bacteria and other harmful organisms that attack tomatoes. One way is through the use of ultraviolet, or UV radiation, also called UV light. UV light is a form of electromagnetic radiation.
The objective of this work was to evaluate the microbiological quality of tomatoes using UV light...{read more to download full material}

6. ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF PRODUCTION OF NIGERIA BITUMEN AND HEAVY OIL: Oil is the single and most important commodity in the entire world today and also the largest resource for man’s demand for energy. Crude oil or petroleum is the oil believed to have originated from plants and animals remains over a long period of time. The proceeds from oil production in Nigeria have no doubt contributed to the social, economic and political development at the same time causing negative impact to both the environment and those living in that environment. It has rendered the ecosystem nearly useless due to oil spillage.  It is not peculiar to Nigeria alone but the distinguishing mark is its management where there are found. Now the question is on the Future of Nigeria without crude oil.

Bitumen and heavy oil are unconventional oil resources that are characterized by high viscosities (i.e. resistance to flow) and high densities compared to conventional oil. Most Bitumen and heavy oil deposits are very shallow. They originated as conventional oil that formed in deep formations, but migrated to the surface region where they were degraded by bacteria and by weathering, and where the lightest hydrocarbons escaped. Bitumen and heavy oil are deficient in hydrogen and have high carbon, sulfur, and heavy metal content. Hence, they require additional processing (upgrading) to become a suitable feedstock for a normal refinery...{read more to download full material}

7. EFFECT OF INSECTICIDE ON MANGO AND ITS CONTROL: Mangoes are an important smallholder and commercial crop in Nigeria, and one of the most important commercial crops in Nigeria. To achieve good yields with top quality fruits, mango growers currently rely on regular insecticide applications. This leads to increased costs, the reduction of natural predators and parasitoids that help control the insect pests, increased pest resistance to insecticides residues in the fruits and environmental pollution.
Green ants are efficient predators of a wide range of insect pests in many tropical fruit crops and they are abundant and widely distributed in Southeast Asia. Previous work in Indonesia and preliminary results from cashew crops in Nigeria indicate that green ants can control some of the main pests of mangoes...{read more to download full material}

8. ELEMENTAL ANALYSIS OF SOME ELEMENT CONTENT IN LINSEED OIL: This work is on elemental analysis of some element content in linseed oil. Linseed oil is a kind of biomass with high edible and medical value. It is rich in many kinds of nutrients and mineral elements. In order to explore the main characteristic constituents of mineral elements and fatty acids in Linseed oil, the study of analyzing the mineral elements and fatty acid composition from 10 different regions was carried out. The contents of seventeen kinds of mineral elements in Linseed oil were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The contents of fatty acids of the Linseed oil obtained under the same conditions were determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (GC-MS). The principal component analysis (PCA) method was applied to the study of analyzing the mineral elements and fatty acid compositions in flaxseeds. The difference in mineral elements and fatty acids of Linseed from different regions were discussed. The main characteristic constituents of mineral elements and fatty acids were analyzed. The results showed that K, Sr, Mg, Ni, Co, Cr, Cd, Se, Zn and Cu were the main characteristic constituents of the mineral elements. At the same time, C16:0, C18:0, C18: 2, C18:3, C20:0 and C20:1 were the main characteristic constituents of the fatty acids. The combination of ICP-MS, GS-MS and PCA can reveal the characteristics and difference of mineral elements and fatty acids from different regions. The results would provide important theoretical basis for the reasonable and effective utilization of flaxseed...{read more to download full material}

9. FUNGAL MICROBIOME IN FOOD, HEALTH AND DISEASES: Fungal microbiome includes some fungi, algae, and certain animals, such as rotifers. Many macroscopic animals and plants have microscopic juvenile stages. Some microbiologists also classify viruses as microorganisms, but others consider these as nonliving.

Fungal microbiome live in every part of the biosphere, including soil, hot springs, "seven miles deep" in the ocean, "40 miles high" in the atmosphere and inside rocks far down within the Earth's crust. Fungal microbiome under certain test conditions, have been observed to thrive in the vacuum of outer space. The total amount of soil and subsurface bacterial carbon is estimated as 5 x 1017 g, or the "weight of the United Kingdom". The mass of prokaryote Fungal microbiome — which includes bacteria and archaea, but not the nucleated eukaryote microorganisms — may be as much as 0.8 trillion tons of carbon (of the total biosphere mass of 4 trillion tons).

10. THE EVALUTION OF THE OPERATION OF NIGERIA IMMIGRATION SERVICES IN THE CONTROL AND PREVENTION OF EXOTIC DISEASE IN NIGERIA
(A CASE STUDY OF PORTHACOURT RIVER STATE)
:The researcher investigated in to the operation of Nigeria Immigration service to determine its suitability in the control and prevention of exotic discussion with portharcurt Immigration Commission as a practical case study. Without hesitation the research presented the projection and focus of this research in an introduction chapter while all already existing information about the research topic was addressed under the literature review.

A simple field and analytical method was adopted by the research to execute the research in terms of research methodology subsequently, the researcher designed and plotted his practical research in a five by three experiment design (5x3). The source of data adopted were primary and secondary data. Research questionnaire response result form the primary data in a tabulated form while the information extracted from the literature review form the secondary data. The use of questionnaire was the researcher instrument and it was very valued because questionnaire beneficiaries were selected from three conspicuous categories of workers who have worked for at least ten years. A total number of one hundred and fifty questionnaires were distributed and all were retrieved. Questionnaire response result were subsequently subjected to critical statistical analysis using simple percentage devices. The researcher was able to establish a research findings saying that the basic operation of the Nigeria Immigration service is suitable in the control and prevention of exotic disease in Nigeria but the practical function discharged by Nigeria Immigration Commission are with proliferation that reduces its suitability subsequently, the researcher presented recommendations...{read more to download full material}

11]. ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF BACTERIA ASSOCIATED WITH SELECTED PASTEURIZED DRY MIL POWER: The bacteria quality of four (4) commercially available dry sachet milk powder (peak, cowbell, Blue boat and Nunu) were analysed in this study usinf the pour plate method. The result showed that peak, cowbell and blue boat were free of all forms of bacteria which Bacillus and Lactobacillus species were isolated from the Nunu brand. Although the microbial count was low, the fact remains that their presence in the product would certainly compromise it shelf life and there by constituting an health hazard especially to children and lactase intolerance people. In view of this result , there is need for the manufacturers to tighten in –process quality control checks and for government food regulatory agencies such as National Agency for food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFSAC) to carry out routine checks from time to time on these milk producing companies to ensure consumer safety standards are not compromised...{read more to download full material}


012]. ESTIMATION OF FOOD WASTE IN A CITY, FOOD WASTE CHARACTERISTICS AND BIO ETHANOL POTENTIALS OF FOOD: Production of ethanol fuel from organic and food waste has been carried out with the singular aim of converting the waste to useful material. To achieve this, the conversion of organic waste and food waste were respectively carried out via acid and microbial hydrolysis, which yielded 42% and 63% fermentable sugar wort.  This was then converted into ethanol by fermentation process using Sacchromyces ceverisiae. 95% ethanol was obtained by fractional distillation of the fermentable wort and the total volume of ethanol produced from 2,500 grams of the organic and food wastes was 0.86 liters. Fermentation Kinetic parameters were evaluated. Considering the percentage fermentable sugar yield from the biomasses in study, it is more economical to produce ethanol from food waste (maize) than old organic waste...{read more to download full material}
013]. EXTRACTION AND BIOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF PALM KERNEL OIL : The kernel of the Elaeis guinensis palm fruits were collected, analyzed and the composition and of oil extracted was investigated. The effect of time and drying temperature (in sun and in electric ovens) of palm kernel on the quality of palm kernel oil obtained were studied. The liquid content of the kernel oil was 52.76%. The major fatty acids in kernel oil were about 54.51 % lauric acid, 15.49% myristic acid and ".53% oleic acid. Palm kernel oil was about 88.58% saturated and [1.37% unsaturated. Hexane extracted oil from the collected kernels gives 9.58%as oleic acid, 3.59 as peroxide value.  for oil with acceptable qualities, kernels destined for extraction need  to have  dried in the whole state and deprived from flour smash during 6 days. the research of optimal conditions during sun drying of different kernels size at different times showed that oil extracted from flour have much in the fatty acids after 10 days drying as compared to other samples dried in  the same conditions.  In addition, the peroxide number of this oil sample from flours very high (127.45 meqkg). In electrical air dryer, the regression model have shown that  it is suitable to dry at t < 1200e for> 100min, so as to have perfect dehydration without loss of fats. Less acidic oils (percent oleic acid< 1.5) are obtained when working at temperature >60oC for>100min. high peroxide value (>30meq) are obtained from drying kernel for high temperature (> 1200C) or from drying kernel for <300min. finally. in an electrical air dryer, kernels have to be dried between 60 and during 300-400 min to limit the fat losses and to obtain oil  with poor free fatty acids and less oxidized...{read more to download full material}


This material is a complete and well researched project material strictly for academic purposes, which has been approved by different Lecturers from different higher institutions. We make abstract visible for everyone.

All Project Topics on this site have complete 5(five) Chapters . Each Project Material include: Abstract + Introduction + etc + Literature Review + methodology + etc + Conclusion + Recommendation + References/Bibliography.

To "DOWNLOAD" the complete material on this particular topic above click "HERE"

To view other related topics click HERE

For more information call us on: +234 8146561114 (MTN) or+2347015391124 (AIRTEL)

To "SUMMIT" new topic(s) OR you did not see your topic on our site but want to confirm the availiability of your topic click HERE

Do you want us to research for your new topic? if yes, click "HERE"



IF YOU ARE SATISFIED WITH OUR SERVICES, PLEASE DO NOT FORGET TO INVITE YOUR FRIENDS AND COURSEMATES TO OUR PAGE.

Order Full Material(s)
Download Full Material(s)
Bank Accounts

contact us

Hire a writer

order/learn construction


view other related topics

frequently asked questions(FAQ)